Upper Quartile
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Evaluation of Results Based Aid in Rwandan Education

IATI Identifier: GB-COH-SC301345-E8071-UQ
Published in IATI IATI
  • date_range Apr 02, 2014 - Dec 15, 2015
  • autorenew Closed (Status)

Upper Quartile was commissioned to undertake a three-year mixed-method process and impact evaluation of the Results Based Aid (RBA) pilot in Rwandan education, considering if, how and in what circumstances the pilot contributed to the results envisaged in the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department for International Development (DFID) and the Government of Rwanda (GoR). Results Based Aid is a form of Payment By Results (PbR); broadly defined, PbR is a financing scheme that makes payments dependent on achieved results. PbR is generally arranged in three main ways depending on who the funding recipient is; Results Based Aid (RBA) is characterised by government-to-government funding. DFID’s approach demonstrates two key characteristics.  A risk transfer (from DFID to the partner) as payment depends on a result, rather than an action; and  Independently verified results as the trigger for disbursal of payment  Recipient discretion; the recipient is given space to decide how results should be achieved. The purpose of the evaluation was to determine whether the additional incentive of RBA impacted completion at key stages of education and additional teachers becoming competent in the use of English as the medium of instruction. The evaluation also considered the response of the recipient (GoR) and other key actors to RBA and sought to establish the various processes that led to observed results. The methodological approach to the evaluation was ‘realist’; exploring questions about what works, for whom, in what circumstances and why. The impact evaluation component was premised on the findings of an econometric model which explored trends in, and the factors affecting, completion with the aim of identifying any RBA-related effect. The process evaluation in each year involved desk-based review of policy and literature, combined with qualitative primary research at national, District and school-based level to explore the response to RBA and the drivers of change in relation to completion and English language proficiency. The evaluation also included in-depth modelling of the potential value for money (VfM) of RBA. The evaluation findings are being used by the Government of Rwanda (GOR) and its agencies (specifically the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) and the Rwanda Education Board (REB)) to aid their understanding of the current situation and the factors impacting completion and teachers’ competency in English as the medium of instruction; by GOR and DFID-Rwanda to inform decision making around the design of any future RBA initiatives; and by DFID, HMG and the wider development community to improve understanding of how RBA approaches may be designed and used to maximise the impact of development spend.

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Sectors:
  • Education policy and administrative management error
    Sector code:
    11110 - Education policy and administrative management
    Sector vocabulary:
    1 - OECD DAC CRS Purpose Codes (5 digit)
  • Educational research error
    Sector code:
    11182 - Educational research
    Sector vocabulary:
    1 - OECD DAC CRS Purpose Codes (5 digit)

Participating Organisations

Organisation Name Organisation Type Organisation Role
UK - Department for International Development (DFID) Government Funding

Transaction

Transaction Value Provider Receiver Type Date
1,210 GBP (Valued at Mar 17, 2017) circle Provider N/A circle Receiver N/A Expenditure date_rangeMar 17, 2017
49,857 GBP (Valued at Mar 31, 2016) circle Provider N/A circle Receiver N/A Expenditure date_rangeMar 31, 2016
82,242 GBP (Valued at Mar 31, 2015) circle Provider N/A circle Receiver N/A Expenditure date_rangeMar 31, 2015
168,759 GBP (Valued at Mar 31, 2014) circle Provider N/A circle Receiver N/A Expenditure date_rangeMar 31, 2014
462,293 GBP (Valued at Apr 02, 2013) circle UK Department for International Development circle Receiver N/A Commitment date_rangeApr 02, 2013

Budget

832,185 USD
261,111 GBP (Valued at Dec 16, 2015) date_range Apr 02, 2013 - Mar 31, 2014
89,149 GBP (Valued at Dec 16, 2015) date_range Apr 01, 2014 - Mar 31, 2015
112,034 GBP (Valued at Dec 16, 2015) date_range Apr 01, 2015 - Mar 31, 2016
92,821 GBP (Valued at Mar 17, 2017) date_range Apr 01, 2015 - Mar 31, 2016
19,213 GBP (Valued at Mar 17, 2017) date_range Apr 01, 2016 - Mar 31, 2017
access_timeUpdated on Jul 15, 2020 11:53:55
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